Apple distributes their own Clang build with their own version numbers
that differ from upstream Clang. Use the __apple_build_version__ symbol
to identify the Apple Clang compiler and report the Apple Build Version
as the fourth version component in CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER_VERSION. Add
Compiler/AppleClang-<lang> and Platform/Darwin-AppleClang-<lang> modules
that simply include the upstream equivalents.
Fix comparisons of CMAKE_<LANG>_COMPILER_ID to Clang in CMake's own
source and tests to account for AppleClang.