FindBoost: Add support for Boost 1.77

Update the list of known versions.

Run the command

    cmake -DBOOST_DIR=/path/to/boost_1_77_0 \
      -P Utilities/Scripts/BoostScanDeps.cmake

to extract dependencies from the 1.77.0 source tree.  The dependencies
differ from those of 1.76: the `contract`, `thread`, and `wave`
components no longer depend on `date_time`.  The `math` component no
longer depends on `atomic`.

Fixes: #22588
35 jobs for !6494 with FindBoost-1.77 in 20 minutes and 53 seconds (queued for 7 seconds)
latest detached
Status Name Job ID Coverage
  Build
passed build:centos6-x86_64 #6124651
cmake build docker linux manual

00:03:27

passed build:fedora34-ninja #6124652
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17 manual

00:01:57

manual build:macos-x86_64-makefiles #6124654
cmake macos shell xcode-12.5 nonconcurrent manual
manual build:macos-x86_64-ninja #6124653
cmake macos shell xcode-12.5 nonconcurrent manual
manual build:windows-vs2019-x64-ninja #6124655
cmake windows shell vs2019 msvc-19.29-16.10 nonconcurrent manual
passed lint:codespell #6124647
cmake build docker linux

00:00:27

passed lint:debian10-iwyu #6124648
cmake build docker linux

00:02:33

passed lint:fedora34-sphinx #6124650
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17

00:04:29

passed lint:fedora34-tidy #6124649
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17

00:14:49

 
  Test
passed test:fedora34-ninja #6124656
cmake docker linux linux-3.17 x11

00:07:06

created test:macos-x86_64-makefiles #6124658
cmake macos shell xcode-12.5 nonconcurrent
created test:macos-x86_64-ninja #6124657
cmake macos shell xcode-12.5 nonconcurrent
created test:windows-vs2019-x64-ninja #6124659
cmake windows shell vs2019 msvc-19.29-16.10 nonconcurrent
 
  Test Ext
passed test:cuda10.2-nvidia #6124662
cmake cuda-rt docker linux

00:00:48

passed test:debian10-ninja #6124660
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17

00:11:28

passed test:fedora34-makefiles #6124661
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17

00:14:00

passed test:fedora34-ninja-multi #6124663
cmake build docker linux linux-3.17

00:05:43

created test:macos-x86_64-xcode #6124664
cmake macos shell xcode-12.5 concurrent
created test:windows-vs2019-x64 #6124665
cmake windows shell vs2019 msvc-19.29-16.10 concurrent
 
  External
passed cdash

passed ghostflow-check-master

passed ghostflow-check-release

passed ghostflow-stager

passed cdash

passed cdash

passed cdash

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager