VS: Add support for ASAN -fsanitize=address flag

Map it to the `EnableASAN` element in `.vcxproj` files.

Fixes: #21081
40 jobs for !6034 with oltolm-master-patch-50871 in 5 minutes and 56 seconds (queued for 2 seconds)
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  Build
manual build:centos6-x86_64 #5722542
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manual build:fedora33-ninja #5722543
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manual build:macos-x86_64-makefiles #5722545
nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake manual
manual build:macos-x86_64-ninja #5722544
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manual build:windows-vs2019-x64-ninja #5722546
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created test:fedora33-ninja #5722547
x11 linux-3.17 linux docker cmake
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nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake
created test:macos-x86_64-ninja #5722548
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created test:cuda10.2-nvidia #5722553
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concurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake
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