VS: Add support for ASAN -fsanitize=address flag

Map it to the `EnableASAN` element in `.vcxproj` files.

Fixes: #21081
40 jobs for !6034 with oltolm-master-patch-50871 in 5 minutes and 56 seconds (queued for 2 seconds)
latest detached
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  Build
manual #5722542
linux docker build cmake manual
build:centos6-x86_64
passed #5722539
linux docker build cmake
build:debian10-iwyu

00:02:33

manual #5722543
linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake manual
build:fedora33-ninja
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linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake
build:fedora33-sphinx

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linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake
build:fedora33-tidy

00:03:12

manual #5722545
nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake manual
build:macos-x86_64-makefiles
manual #5722544
nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake manual
build:macos-x86_64-ninja
manual #5722546
nonconcurrent msvc-19.28-16.9 vs2019 shell windows cmake manual
build:windows-vs2019-x64-ninja
 
  Test
created #5722547
x11 linux-3.17 linux docker cmake
test:fedora33-ninja
created #5722549
nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake
test:macos-x86_64-makefiles
created #5722548
nonconcurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake
test:macos-x86_64-ninja
created #5722550
nonconcurrent msvc-19.28-16.9 vs2019 shell windows cmake
test:windows-vs2019-x64-ninja
 
  Test Ext
created #5722553
linux docker cuda-rt cmake
test:cuda10.2-nvidia
created #5722551
linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake
test:debian10-ninja
created #5722552
linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake
test:fedora33-makefiles
created #5722554
linux-3.17 linux docker build cmake
test:fedora33-ninja-multi
created #5722555
concurrent xcode-12.4 shell macos cmake
test:macos-x86_64-xcode
created #5722556
concurrent msvc-19.28-16.9 vs2019 shell windows cmake
test:windows-vs2019-x64
 
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