Android: Suppress implicit -lstdc++ linker flag

The chosen STL libraries are already linked explicitly so we shouldn't
let the compiler add its implicit `-lstdc++` (the default) when invoking
the linker.

Fixes: #17863
NDK-Issue: https://github.com/android-ndk/ndk/issues/105
Inspired-by: Tom Hughes <tomtheengineer@gmail.com>
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  External
passed ghostflow-branch-check-master

passed ghostflow-commit-check

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager

passed ghostflow-stager