Android: Add missing link flags for device executables

See `${ndk}/build/core/default-build-commands.mk` for link flags the NDK
uses for executables.  Add them to our default executable link flags.
Suppress `nocopyreloc` on `arm64-v8a` because it does not work with
some STL types.

Closes: #16380
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  External
passed kwrobot-branch-check